Foot care for diabetes (videos):
How can Diabetes Affect my Feet?
- How can diabetes affect my feet?
- What common foot problems can lead to pain or infections?
- How can diabetes change the shape of my feet?
- How can special shoes or shoe inserts help my feet?
- How often should I have a foot exam?
- How does smoking affect my feet?
- How can I keep my feet healthy?
- Pronunciation Guide
- For More Information
- Don’t be callous about your callus! Foot Self-Check Today!
- Guidelines on returning to shoes and activity after diabetic foot ulceration
More information on the 3 minute foot exam can be found here.
20 simple steps to help your feet last a lifetime with #diabetes:
1. Inspect your feet daily for blisters, bleeding, or lesions between toes. Use a mirror to see the bottom of the foot and the heel
2. Have a family or friend check your feet if you are unable to do so.
3. Have regular foot examinations by your diabetic foot care specialist.
4. Always remove both shoes and stockings when visiting your doctor.
5. Always wear well-fitted stockings or socks with your shoes. Padded hosiery may reduce pressure and be more protective.
6. Inspect the soles and inside your shoes for foreign objects before putting them on.
7. Shoes should be properly measured, comfortable, and easy to put on at the time of purchase.
8. Wear leather shoes with adequate room for the toes. Running or athletic shoes are best for recreational walking.
9. Change shoes every four to six hours.
10 . In cold weather, wear insulated boots or heavier socks. Be sure the shoes allow enough room to allow for heavier socks.
11. If you’ve lost sensation, do NOT walk barefooted in the house, outside, or at the beach.
12. Do NOT use hot water bottles or heating pads to warm your feet. Use warm socks instead.
13. Do NOT soak your feet.
14. Do NOT use acids or chemical corn removers.
15. Do NOT perform “bathroom surgery” on corns, calluses, or ingrown toenails.
16. Wash feet daily and be sure to dry well between the toes. Apply moisturizing cream liberally, but avoid between the toes.
17. Test the temperature of the bath water with your ELBOW or THERMOMETER. Do NOT let hot water drip onto your toes.
18. Call your foot care specialist immediately if you detect a new lesion or if your foot becomes swollen, red, or painful. Stay off your foot until you see your doctor.
19. Learn all you can about your diabetes and how it can affect your feet.
20. Maintain good diabetes control and do not smoke
The National Diabetes Education Program, an initiative of CDC and the National Institutes of Health, provides several Web pages and publications with helpful information on foot care and diabetes care:
- The booklet Take Care of Your Feet for a Lifetime, also available en español, tells how to avoid foot problems.
- 4 Steps to Control Your Diabetes. For Life. This booklet helps people with diabetes understand, monitor, and manage the disease to stay healthy. It is available in English, en español, and in 18 other languages.
- Feet Can Last a Lifetime: A Health Care Provider’s Guide to Preventing Diabetes Foot Problems.
CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation offers more resources:
- What should I do on a regular basis to take care of my feet? lists simple care steps.
- Chapter 9. Foot Problems, from the book Take Charge of Your Diabetes, provides more information on care and learning the warning signs of foot problems. en español.