Study: Slower Walking Speed = Increased Postop Morbidity + Mortality

This from Annals of Surgery courtesy of the eagle-eyed Joe Mills.

Slower Walking Speed Forecasts Increased Postoperative Morbidity and 1-Year Mortality across Surgical Specialties

Robinson, Thomas N. MD, MS*,¶; Wu, Daniel S. MD*,¶; Sauaia, Angela MD, PhD; Dunn, Christina L. BA*; Stevens-Lapsley, Jennifer E. PT, PhD; Moss, Marc MD; Stiegmann, Greg V. MD*,¶; Gajdos, Csaba MD*; Cleveland, Joseph C. Jr MD*,¶; Inouye, Sharon K. MD, MPH§

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Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the Timed Up and Go test and postoperative morbidity and 1-year mortality, and to compare the Timed Up and Go to the standard-of-care surgical risk calculators for prediction of postoperative complications.
Methods: In this prospective cohort study, patients 65 years and older undergoing elective colorectal and cardiac operations with a minimum of 1-year follow-up were included. The Timed Up and Go test was performed preoperatively. This timed test starts with the subject standing from a chair, walking 10 feet, returning to the chair, and ends after the subject sits. Timed Up and Go results were grouped as fast ≤ 10 seconds, intermediate = 11–14 seconds, and slow ≥ 15 seconds. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to compare the 3 Timed Up and Go groups to current standard-of-care surgical risk calculators at forecasting postoperative complications.
Results: This study included 272 subjects (mean age of 74 ± 6 years). Slower Timed Up and Go was associated with increased postoperative complications after colorectal (fast 13%, intermediate 29%, and slow 77%; P < 0.001) and cardiac (fast 11%, intermediate 26%, and slow 52%; P < 0.001) operations. Slower Timed Up and Go was associated with increased 1-year mortality following both colorectal (fast 3%, intermediate 10%, and slow 31%; P = 0.006) and cardiac (fast 2%, intermediate 3%, and slow 12%; P = 0.039) operations. Receiver operating characteristic area under curve of the Timed Up and Go and the risk calculators for the colorectal group was 0.775 (95% CI: 0.670–0.880) and 0.554 (95% CI: 0.499–0.609), and for the cardiac group was 0.684 (95% CI: 0.603–0.766) and 0.552 (95% CI: 0.477–0.626).
Conclusions: Slower Timed Up and Go forecasted increased postoperative complications and 1-year mortality across surgical specialties. Regardless of operation performed, the Timed Up and Go compared favorably to the more complex risk calculators at forecasting postoperative complications.

David G. Armstrong

Dedicated to amputation prevention, wound healing, diabetic foot, biotechnology and the intersection between medical devices and consumer electronics.

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