Orphan Heel Syndrome: Rearfoot Transcutaneous Oximetry is a Useful Tool to Highlight Ischemia

This from our colleagues at Tor Vergata in Roma.

Rearfoot Transcutaneous Oximetry is a Useful Tool to Highlight Ischemia of the Heel

Valentina Izzo, Marco Meloni, Sebastiano Fabiano, Daniele Morosetti, Laura Giurato, Antonio Chiaravalloti, Valeria Ruotolo, Roberto Gandini, Luigi Uccioli

Purpose

To demonstrate the usefulness of rearfoot transcutaneous oximetry to assess the peripheral arterial disease in diabetic patients with heel ulcer.

Methods

From our database of 550 critical limb ischemia diabetic patients followed after a percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, we have selected patients with below the knee arterial disease. Patients were grouped according to the dorsal transcutaneous oximetry value (Group A < 30 mmHg; Group B ≥ 30 mmHg). Patients of Group B had a second oximetry performed at the rearfoot, close to the lesion localized in all cases at the heel. Finally, the analysis of the arterial pattern disease has been done.

Results

We selected 191 patients: Group A (151 patients), dorsal transcutaneous oximetry of 11.8 ± 0.7 mmHg; Group B (40 patients), dorsal transcutaneous oximetry of 44.2 ± 10.1 mmHg. In Group B, rearfoot oximetry was 20.5 ± 5 mmHg, significantly lower than dorsal oximetry (p = 0.0179). The anterior tibial artery was involved in all patients of Group A. In Group B, the anterior tibial artery was involved in 15 subjects and never alone; the posterior tibial artery was involved in 20 subjects and in 11 cases alone. The peroneal artery was affected in 20 subjects and in 14 patients alone.

Conclusion

When a heel lesion is present and the transcutaneous oximetry recorded on the dorsum of the foot does not confirm the presence of critical limb ischemia (not ≤30 mmHg), a second oximetry recorded on the rearfoot is useful to point out ischemia of the peroneal artery and/or of the posterior tibial artery.

Source: Rearfoot Transcutaneous Oximetry is a Useful Tool to Highlight Ischemia of the Heel | SpringerLink

David G. Armstrong

Dedicated to amputation prevention, wound healing, diabetic foot, biotechnology and the intersection between medical devices and consumer electronics.

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