Important work from Luigi Uccioli’s Tor Vergata team. Bravo.
The message: Our patients are in vascular remission just as they are in diabetic foot remission. 25% will require re-angioplasty at one year.
Objective: To establish the rate of clinical recurrence of critical limb ischemia (CLI) in diabetic patients with ischemic foot ulcers (DFUs) treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Approach: The study group was composed of 304 patients with ischemic DFUs treated by PTA. We evaluated the rate of clinical recurrence of CLI requiring a second PTA (repeated PTA [rePTA]), the factors related to CLI relapse, and the outcomes of rePTA patients. The follow-up was 12.5 ± 6.6 months. Results: Seventy-four of 304 patients (24.3%) needed rePTA. The mean time to rePTA was 3.5 ± 0.64 months. rePTA group in comparison with no rePTA group had lower rate of healing (28.5% vs. 71.9% p = 0.0001), higher rate of ulcer recurrence (20% vs. 10.3% p = 0.03), major amputation (24.3% vs. 4.3% p = 0.0005), and death (33.3% vs. 7.9% p = 0.002). Glycated hemoglobin, type A1C (HbA1c; 2.2 [1.9-2.7] p = 0.02) and dialysis (1.5 [1.4-3.6] p = 0.006) were independently associated to clinical recurrence of CLI after PTA. Innovation: To identify the outcomes of patients with clinical recurrence of CLI and the clinical factors involved to reduce the rate of restenosis after endovascular treatment and improve the rate of limb salvage. Conclusions: Clinical recurrence of CLI is associated with a high rate of nonhealing ulcer recurrence, major amputation, and death. Dialysis and impaired glycemic control were independent predictors of CLI relapse after endovascular treatment.