Procalcitonin Is a Prognostic Marker of Hospital Outcomes in Patients with Critical Limb Ischemia and Diabetic Foot Infection #DiabeticFoot

Yet more data supporting the use of procalcitonin as a marker for lower extremity infection. This time, from our SALSAmigos Luigi Uccioli and coworkers from Abano Terme. We post a couple of helpful tables above from other manuscripts.

Aim:
To evaluate the prognostic role of procalcitonin (PCT) in patients with diabetic foot infection (DFI) and critical limb ischemia (CLI).
Materials and Methods:
The study group was composed of diabetic patients with DFI and CLI. All patients were treated according to a preset limb salvage protocol which includes revascularization, wound debridement, antibiotic therapy, and offloading. Inflammatory markers, including PCT, were evaluated at admission. Only positive values of PCT, greater than 0.5 ng/ml, were considered. Hospital outcomes were categorized as limb salvage (discharge with preserved limb), major amputation (amputation above the ankle), and mortality.
Results:
Eighty-six patients were included. The mean age was 67.3 ± 11.4 years, 80.7% were male, 95.1% had type 2 diabetes, and the mean diabetes duration was 20.5 ± 11.1 with a mean HbA1c of 67 ± 16 mmol/mol. 66/86 (76.8%) of patients had limb salvage, 7/86 (8.1%) had major amputation, and 13/86 (15.1%) died. Patients with positive PCT baseline values in comparison to those with normal values showed a lower rate of limb salvage (30.4 versus 93.6%, p = 0.0001), a higher rate of major amputation (13 versus 6.3%, p = 0.3), and a higher rate of hospital mortality (56.5 versus 0%, p < 0.0001). At the multivariate analysis of independent predictors found at univariate analysis, positive PCT was an independent predictor of major amputation [OR 3.3 (CI 95% 2.0-5.3), p = 0.0001] and mortality [OR 4.1 (CI 95% 2.2-8.3), p < 0.0001].

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