Genetic Polymorphisms and the Risk of Diabetic Foot: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses

Up-to-date data on polymorphisms in the diabetic foot in this meta-analysis from Zhao and coworkers.


Diabetic foot (DF) is a dangerous complication of diabetes. The aim of the study was to synthesize all the published single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of DF to objectively evaluate the relationship of SNPs and DF risks.


The HuGE database and CNKI were searched for eligible publications on genetic polymorphisms and the risk of DF systematically. The quality of literatures was evaluated by the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Pooled odds ratios with a 95% confidence interval for SNPs were evaluated through 3 genetic models.


Citing 29 different polymorphisms from 24 articles and the study met our selection criteria. There were 24 polymorphisms summarized systematically, and 5 merged polymorphisms for a meta-analysis: 9 positively associated with DF: HIF-1α rs11549465, TNF-α rs1800629, TLR-9 rs5743836, FIB rs6056, HSP70-2437C/T, VDR rs2228570, LOX rs1800449, ITLN1 rs2274907, and OPG rs2073617, but OPG rs3134069 was not a risk factor in DF; 6 negatively associated with DF: VEGF rs833061 and rs2010963, MCP-1 rs1024611, SDF-1 rs1801157, SIRT1 rs12778366, and OPG rs2073617. In addition, 13 polymorphisms were not associated with DF: MMP-9 rs3918242, eNOS rs1799983, VEGF rs3025039, -7C/T, rs1570360, rs13207351, and rs699947, IL-6 rs1800795, HIF-1α rs11549467, TNF-α rs361525, TLR-2 rs3804100, SIRT1 rs3758391, and TIMP-1 rs2070584.


The study provided some evidence for SNPs to the development of diabetic foot. The meta-analysis showed that rs1024611 of MCP-1 may be regarded as a protective factor, especially in Asian populations. Other loci indicated inconsistent results.

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