Use of Hyperspectral Imaging to Predict Healing of Diabetic Foot Ulceration #Diagnostics #Theragnostics #ActAgainstAmputation @ALPSlimb

This work by our colleagues from the Deaconess and Joslin constitutes another advance in the slow, steady march toward deriving an actionable value from hyperspectral imaging. Bottom line: Using oxyHb 50 as the cutof point to predict DFU complete healing, Visit 1 oxyHb measurement provided 85% sensitivity, 70% specificity, 50% positive predictive value and 93% negative predictive value. For Visit 2, oxyHb had 85% sensitivity, 85% specificity, 66% positive predictive value and 94% negative predictive value.

Abstract

Our main objective was to validate that hyperspectral imaging via a new portable camera carries the potential to provide a reliable clinical biomarker that can predict DFU healing. We recruited patients with diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) without peripheral arterial disease, infection or other serious illness. Using an hyperspectral imaging (HSI) apparatus, post-debridement hyperspectral images were taken evaluating the ulcer size, periwound oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb), deoxyhemoglobin level (DeoxyHb) and oxygen saturation (O2 Sat) for four consecutive visits. Twenty-seven patients were followed, out of whom seven healed their DFU while the remaining 20 failed to heal their DFU. The average time between each visit was three weeks. Binary logistic regression of healers vs non-healers on Visit 1 oxyHb and on Visit 2 showed a significant inverse association, OR = 0.85 (95% CI 0.73 – 0.98, P <0.001). An inverse correlation was observed between the Visit 1 oxyHb and the percentage of ulcer size reduction between Visit 1 and the Visit 4 (r = -0.46, p=0.02) and between the Visit 2 oxyHb and the percentage of ulcer size reduction between Visits 2 and 4 (r = -0.65, p=0.001). Using oxyHb 50 as the cutof point to predict DFU complete healing, Visit 1 oxyHb measurement provided 85% sensitivity, 70% specificity, 50% positive predictive value and 93% negative predictive value. For Visit 2, oxyHb had 85% sensitivity, 85% specificity, 66% positive predictive value and 94% negative predictive value. We conclude that this preliminary study, which involved a relatively small number of patients, indicates that hyperspectral imaging is a simple exam that can easily be added to daily clinical practice and has the potential to provide useful information regarding the healing potential of DFU over a short period of time. 

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